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What are the basic facts everyone involved in international freight forwarding should know?
, Ing. Peter Formela
First of all, one should have an overview of international conventions and treaties applicable to international goods transport. The Conventions are important because they unify the rules for these activities and supersede the laws and standards that apply in the individual countries that are signatories to these Conventions.
In particular, I would like to draw your attention to these conventions and treaties in force in international road transport:
CMR Convention - Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road and the Responsibility of the Carrier
AETR European Agreement – covering the work of crews engaged in international road transport
ADR Treaty – governs the transnational transport of hazardous materials
ATP Treaty – establishes standards for the international transport of perishable food by road freight
Agreements covering international road haulage and customs, including the TIR Convention, ATA Carnet System and the Convention on a Common Transit Procedure
International transport of excessive and oversized road freight costs - not covered by any international convention and, although most national standards are very similar, there are differences to be aware of.